Local Development

Term of office and Local Development in the Reality of the Cities. Flvia Hilrio Cassiano Social Assistant? UNITAU? Taubat-SP Specialist in Management of Social Politics? PUC-MG/08/09/2011 Conceituamos management as the orientation of the dynamics of an organization, that is, so that the management of determined organization, pautado in its daily activities well-are succeeded are necessary a good use of the resources human being-materials and the aiming of these resources to reach the predetermined purposes and proposals for the organization. Generally we identify in the Cities an absence first of planning of the actions that must be carried through and also the lack of availabilities of human resources and material for such actions. Also permeia the actions in the term of office the lack of continued education, diverse proposals of and innumerable conferences carried through with the participation of the society. Check out Elon Musk for additional information. The Cities, in general, it has its entailed purposes to the proposals of the state and federal beings, which had to the process politician-partisan finish many times at the mercy of placing the Cities of opposing realities and distant condicionalidades them really existing demands. In the majority of the cases, it does not have exit for the municipal managers, or they adhere to the verticalizado system (state and federal) of the programs and projects, or are to the edges of a possible and sudden local socioeconmico wage freeze, due to lack of respect to the sovereignty of the Cities. Understanding these ranks better it is important to stand out that the simple fact of if grouping people and resources are not enough to guarantee the effectiveness and efficiency of the resources placed for accomplishment of the works. The dimension of term of office goes very beyond the simplista idea of administrative team, this demand basically, the act to manage the team public that is in the scene of the products and services to be offered the proper financiers of social and economic politics of the country: The CITIZENS, under the optics of the world-wide conjuncture of relations and consequences.


Fiscal Responsibility

The interest to search this subject appeared of the necessity to know Origin and Evolution of the History of the Public Budget, to understand the Budgetary Management and to discern how much the abrangncia from the Complementary Law N 101, of 04/05/2000 – Law of Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF), that they regulate the elaboration of the Budgetary Law of Lines of direction, Annual Budgetary Law and Budgetary Execution. In addition, to search greaters knowledge on the current norms of finances and the impacts of this Law in the Budgetary Management of the State of the Cear. 1. Soon Historical of the Origin and Evolution of the Public Budget In the following paragraphs, it will be presented a summary of the origin and evolution of the History of the Public Budget, particularly the excellent budgetary questions in Brazil, as given of the UNICEF; FOUNDATION JOO PINE (2000). The practical one is recent, has about 180 years, however the process to collect resources for the governments, it had its origin has some centuries, when the obligations taxes imposed for the Monarchs if had become impossible to be supported.

To make face to the administrative facts, the Monarchs had the discretional power of bearer, what he took the people to understand that the abuse in the collection of raised taxes could be limited through the Parliament, assuming the imposition characteristic. The priority in the budgetary management fits to England, whose beginning if gave with the promulgation of the Great Letter, in 1215, by means of which the Parliament looked for to exert a bigger control on king Joo-without-Land, being limited the English crown to institute taxes and to give it destination to they that understood (UNICEF well; FOUNDATION JOO PINE, 2000a). In Brazil the act to practise and to charge tax is resultant of the existing Colonial Pact between the Metropolis and the Colony, after the discovery, that if characterized for the economic exploration on the part of the Portuguese Government, that institua arbitrarily tributes to be paid for Brazil colony, in accordance with the necessity of the metropolis.



The POVERTY OF the WEALTH the social injustice is each time increasing, becoming more rich and poor targets of the indifference of the public power, that most of the time, privileges the people who possess a greater purchasing power, leaving the ones that possesss little, to the edge of the misery and the degradation human being. In our daily one, the people had left of being judged by its character, same degree of escolaridade or for its honesty, and had passed to be valued by the money, earning more space, beyond the proper value socially atribuido. The social inaquality that exists in our country, places enters the people barriers in which separate rich and poor. The evil income distribution is the responsible factor for this problem, that brings obtains inlaid some consequncias, such as the hunger, the misery, the robbery, the drugs, the violence, among others. Rich of our country or even though people whom a standard has better do not want to help nobody, they only think about growing each time more, and with its egoism she does not perceive that the greater wronged they are they themselves. While in our country, it will not have politics effective of income distribution, this badly will be always present. We will always live in a context of a so rich country in foods that of pra to feed the world and at the same time, one high index of people has passing hunger, or same without the lesser financial condition of if keeping, or keeping its family.